Kumbh Mela or Kumbha Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river.The main festival site is located on the banks of a river: the Ganges(Ganga) at Haridwar; the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the invisible Sarasvati at Prayagraj; the Godavari at Nashik; and the Shipra at Ujjain. Bathing in these rivers is thought to cleanse a person of all their sins.
The festival is the largest peaceful gathering in the world, and considered as the “world’s largest congregation of religious pilgrims”. There is no precise method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims, and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing on the most auspicious day may vary. An estimated 120 million people visited Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013 in Prayagraj over a two-month period,
including over 30 million on a single day, on 10 February 2013 (the day of Mauni Amavasya).It has been inscribed on the UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 begins with the holy Shahi Snan. Sadhus belonging to 13 akhadas take a dip in the holy rivers along the banks of which the Kumbh Mela takes place.